Biomass

Myanmar is an agrarian economy with approximately 70% of the population employed in this sector. Generating electricity using biomass involves the gasification of an appropriate fuel source such as rice husk or wood chips. The fuel source should be in plentiful supply and in close proximity to the power plant to keep logistical costs to a minimum thus ensuring that the plant can be sustainable over the long term. As such biomass fueled power plants are particularly well suited to high density rice paddy growing areas of Myanmar such as the Ayerwaddy Delta and Sagaing Division.

REWA 2013 Presentation

Why is Biomass an appropriate solution for power generation in Myanmar?

  • A significant amount of agricultural waste is available in most places throughout the country
  • Storage is built into the fuel, making batteries unnecessary
  • The technology is robust and proven both locally and in India – which faces similar electricity distribution challenges

Disadvantages include:

  • Ensuring the constant availability of an affordable fuel source
  • Dry and secure storage space requirements increase costs
  • Additional labor requirements and associated costs compared to solar power

Char

We can produce charcoal from the byproduct of the gasification process with minimal additional resource and effort.  Charcoal is widely used in rural areas for cooking and making hot water.

Benefits of Char use/production:

  • Reduces deforestation by reducing the amount of trees cut and wood burned
  • Provides part time employment and income for the villagers as well another
    revenue stream for our projects
  • Provides a cost effective fuel option for villagers basic needs

 

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